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Solubilized eggshell membrane supplies a type III collagen-rich elastic dermal papilla.

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Solubilized eggshell membrane supplies a type III collagen-rich elastic dermal papilla.

Post  CausticSymmetry on Fri Dec 07, 2018 3:53 am

Cell Tissue Res. 2018 Nov 17. doi: 10.1007/s00441-018-2954-3.
Solubilized eggshell membrane supplies a type III collagen-rich elastic dermal papilla.
Ohto-Fujita E1, Shimizu M1, Sano S1, Kurimoto M1, Yamazawa K1, Atomi T2, Sakurai T3,4, Murakami Y5, Takami T5, Murakami T6, Yoshimura K7, Hasebe Y8, Atomi Y9.

Signs of aging in facial skin correlate with lifespan and chronic disease; however, the health of aging skin has not been extensively studied. In healthy young skin, the dermis forms a type III collagen-rich dermal papilla, where capillary vessels supply oxygen and nutrients to basal epidermal cells. Chicken eggshell membranes (ESMs) have been used as traditional medicines to promote skin wound healing in Asian countries for many years. Previously, we designed an experimental system in which human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) were cultured on a dish with a solubilized ESM (S-ESM) bound to an artificial phosphorylcholine polymer; we found that genes that promoted the health of the papillary dermis, such as those encoding type III collagen, were induced in the S-ESM environment. The present study found that a gel with a ratio of 20% type III/80% type I collagen, similar to that of the baby skin, resulted in a higher elasticity than 100% type I collagen (p < 0.05) and that HDFs in the gel showed high mitochondrial activity. Thus, we decided to perform further evaluations to identify the effects of S-ESM on gene expression in the skin of hairless mice and found a significant increase of type III collagen in S-ESM. Picrosirius Red staining showed that type III collagen significantly increased in the papillary dermis after S-ESM treatment. Moreover, S-ESM application significantly improved human arm elasticity and reduced facial wrinkles. ESMs may have applications in extending lifespan by reducing the loss of tissue elasticity through the increase of type III collagen.

KEYWORDS:
Eggshell membrane; Extracellular matrix; Geroscience; Papillary dermis; Type III collagen

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